ZMIANY W TAKSONOMII γ-PROTEOBACTERIA, MODYFIKACJA NAZWY RZĘDU ENTEROBACTERIALES I NOWE RODZINY W OBRĘBIE ENTEROBACTERALES ORD. NOV.
1. Wstęp. 2. Zasady dotyczące wprowadzania zmian taksonomicznych. 3. Przesłanki wprowadzania zmian taksonomicznych. 4. Zmiany w rzędzie Enterobacterales ord. nov. 5. Bazy danych a zmiany w taksonomii rzędu Enterobacterales ord. nov. 6. Podsumowanie
Abstract: Prokaryotic diversity increases every year with each new described species. Since the first discoveries of microorganisms, researchers’ endeavours are dedicated to the systematisation of all known living organisms in a consistent taxonomy. Originally based on morphology, in recent years modern taxonomy develops thanks to the implemenation of new discoveries in the fields of biochemistry and genetics. In the last thirty years, ribotyping was the leading technique used to classify microorganisms. Due to problems with the comparison of certain species, novel methods based on the analysis of proteins have been applied. In-depth analysis of Enterobacteriaceae family showed that its members are more dissimilar than previously thought, which eventually led to dividing this family into seven families and resulted in a change to the name of the order: from Enterobacteriales to Enterobacterales. These changes were applied in some biggest accessible databases. However, there are still many other which have not modified their taxonomy records to date. Such situation may lead to unnecessary confusion, which strengthens the necessity to create one, unified taxonomy which is approved by the whole scientific community.
1. Introduction. 2. Principles regarding the introduction of taxonomical changes. 3. Justification of taxonomical changes. 4. Modifications in the order Enterobacterales ord. nov. 5. Databases and changes in the taxonomy of the order Enterobacterales ord. nov. 6. Summary